Question: I firmly believe in personal integrity, which of course includes acceptance and acknowledgment of responsibility for one’s actions. But what about the so called “unconscious” acts? Can anyone be accountable for actions or omissions strictly involuntary?
Answer: There are different types of unconscious acts. If it was because we weren’t careful (called “shogeg”), then we are somewhat responsible for our carelessness. If it was completely unavoidable then we aren’t responsible. Still we should pray that G-d not bring any harm to anyone through us even if it wouldn’t be our fault.
Rabbi Meir Goldberg